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Wednesday, September 20, 2017
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Mires

 Description of the Action - Elaboration of Management Guidelines for Mire Habitats
 Why do We Need Management Guidelines for Mire Habitats?
 Expected Results
 News and Progress
 Photogalleries
 Presentations
Description of the Action - Elaboration of Management Guidelines for Mire Habitats
 
The aim of this action is to decrease the negative effects of  the lack of  appropriate management of mire habitats. Experts from NGOs, NCA, land owners and other stakeholders will collaborate in a special working group to elaborate guidelines for management of Mire habitats in Natura 2000 sites in Latvia. The working group will meet in workshops and seminars to discuss recommendations and final findings. The first draft of guidelines will be finished by the end of 2014/beginning of 2015, but the book containing the final version of the guidelines will be published in 2016.
 
After the first recommendations from the Mire habitats working group (in 2013) the management methods will be tested in some Natura 2000 sites. The appropriate management methods will be tested for Transition mires and quaking bogs (7140), Alkaline fens (7230) and Fennoscandian mineral-rich springs and springfens (7160) in the Slitere National Park, Kemeri National Park and Gauja National Park as the management of these habitats has not received adequate attention. Already rare habitats lose their quality and quantity by overgrowing due to the lack of appropriate management. The different methods of mowing to restore habitats will be tested. These wetland habitats have been managed in past by irregular mowing or grazing, but now, when there isno more traditional extensive agriculture, these habitats overgrow with scrubs and trees or lose their quality due to the deep layer of old grass.The managed/restored areas will be used as demonstration sites for land-owners, managers and other stakeholders in order to provide practical information on how to organize such activities elsewhere.  
 
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Expected Results
 
1. Management guidelines presenting various management approaches and explanations as well as including testing results as examples will be available electronically in Latvian, English and Russian on the Projects` website and on NCA website.
2. Approximately 5 ha of EU priority habitats (7140 and 7210*) will be used for testing management methods.
3. A book and a brochure on Guidelines for habitat management of Natura 2000 sites will be produced. 
 
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  Why do We Need Management Guidelines for Mire Habitats?
 
Several projects about the Active raised bog (7110*) habitat restoration have been done in Latvia, but almost no attention has been paid to the management of other wetland habitats. There are eight EU priority wetland habitats in Natura 2000 sites in Latvia and all of them are very important for the survival of endangered species. The lack of appropriate management has a negative impact on habitat quality and species richness. The guidelines will help to choose the best management methods for wetland habitats taking into account available resources and priority needs for species and habitats. The testing of management methods in some EU priority habitats will serve as a good practical example for all landowners. Testing will help to evaluate effectiveness of management methods. The aim of the tests is to find a solution which is not only effective, but also low-cost.
 
The elaboration of Guidelines for management of wetland habitats and testing the management methods in Natura 2000 sites will help to strengthen biodiversity in Natura 2000 sites, improve habitat quality and involve the local community and landowners in practical nature conservation. Uniting all of the existing management practices into one comprehensive up-to-date publication will enable implementation of appropriate and harmonized management of wetland habitats. 
 
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